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Trajnostna mobilnost (SUTP) v Mariboru (ang.)


INFORMATION ABOUT SUSTAINABLE URBAN TRANSPORT PLAN (SUTP) FOR MARIBOR

Maribor is the second largest town in Slovenia, with its population, including the suburbs, amounting to 180,000 people. Before Slovenia's independence in 1991, the town was one of the major industrial centres in former Yugoslavia and faced numerous environmental problems In the nineties, during the Slovenian EU accession process in Slovenia, the environmental protection and nature conservation issues became more and more important. In the past ten years more than 200 regulations and other acts have been adopted.

The European Union awarded the Municipality of Maribor in 1999 and 2001 for its efforts and work performed in the field of environmental protection and nature conservation.
In 1999, the Municipality of Maribor signed the Aalborg Charter of European Cities and Towns Towards Sustainability and prepared Local Agendas 21 in 2002 providing a framework for a gradual transition to sustainable development at the local level. In this frame the sustainable transport activities and operative plan for urban mobility were set for the first time

Challenges like road traffic congestion, road safety, environmental impacts (any discussion on the future urban mobility and urban transportation system must take account of policies aimed at reaching the EU’s ambitious CO2 reduction targets of ‘20-20-20’), urban sprawl, increasing demand for mobility (mainly satisfied by private car ownership) are common to many European cities. The need to solve these problems has become even more crucial to maintaining a high quality of life in a sustainable way, competitive as well as smooth mobility of people and goods.

Mobility may be regarded as the ability to travel, although its meaning could be much broader since mobility encompasses not only the travelling activity, but also, more importantly the possibility for the traveller to decide when and where to travel, by being aware and making use of an information set for optimising the journey. Since mobility is crucial to quality of life, it is inextricably linked with the urban transport system. Both directly influence people’s daily life and activities and play a key role in all functions of society. They also influence opportunities for a person to engage in social activities and to interact with social communities.

In 2000 Maribor has adopted a Spatial development concept with the main aims:
• Sustainable urban development
• Conection of urban and rural parts of the city
• To protect the environment and to improve the quality of life in the city

In 2002 Municipality received the award for this study from the European Council of Town Planners.

The Commission's Thematic Strategy on the urban environment was adopted in 2006 and described a number of common environmental challenges and problems faced by most European conurbations although the scale and intensity of these problems vary. These issues comprise: poor air quality, traffic volumes and congestion, high levels of ambient noise, neglect of the built environment, high level of greenhouse gas emissions, social exclusion and urban sprawl. These are serious pressures since they have significant effects on the environment, health and economic performance of European conurbations.
The Thematic Strategy stressed that urban mobility contributes significantly to these pressures.

Although mobility plays a crucial role in contributing to the socioeconomic growth of urban areas, its positive effects have to be also weighed alongside the negative impacts which the increasing demand for mobility has generated over the last 20 years.

‘More sustainable’ is thus regarded as being the main goal that underpins current approaches to and solutions for future mobility. Sustainability should lie at the heart of all policies and strategies for a more sustainable transport system in environmental (CO2, air pollution, noise) and competitiveness (congestion) terms, while also addressing social concerns. This is why the concept of sustainability goes far beyond the need to respond to managing road traffic flows and their impacts, because it should also address, for instance, the costs of mobility in relation to social exclusion, economic and social cohesion, and the demographic changes that will shape the structure of the cities in the future.

Municipal environmental programme (www.maribor.si) with detailed action plan for urban mobility was adopted at the City council in 2008.

Sustainable energy and climate changes issues were developed within Local energy concept (2009) (www.maribor.si) detailed action plan for energy use reduction and RES in transport were set.

These two documents were developed by following the steps of:
– review of current situation and analysis of ‘business as usual’ scenario
– definition of a vision, operational objectives and measurable targets
– impact assessment and definition of sets of mobility management and infrastructure related measures
– attribution of responsibilities, budgets and staff resources
– adoption
– monitoring and reporting
– reviewing and revising while needed.

The elaboration of environmental programme and energy concept were the processes where the citizens and stakeholders were involved and all available knowledge and good practices were studied to find the proper scenarios for Maribor.

The main local goals regarding sustainable transport implementation accepted by City Council are:
• Improvement of the air quality
• Low noise levels
• Better quality of public spaces – less traffic in pedistrian zones, less parking places – more green areas,
• More safety for bikers and pedistrians
• Improvement of the quality of urban life with sustainable mobility development
• Energy efficient transport
• RES in public transport and in public business sector at least 10% till 2020
• Local authorities to be the best practice examples.

Operational objectives till 2020 are:
• increasing the share of public transport to 25%,
• increasing the share of cycling to 25%,
• increasing the share of walking to 25%
• reducing the share of cars to 25%.

Both above mentioned documents were adopted at the City council. The implementation of the activities is obligatory reported to City council. The reports are made for each document separately so the integral approach is not so evident. Due to this fact the city has decided to put above mentioned documents and activities in one document called Sustainable urban transport plan for Maribor (SUTP). From 2011 the sustainable transport issue will be reported to the City council once a year as one major document.

All stakeholders are aware that making urban mobility more accessible, efficient, environmentally friendly and inclusive is not easy. It has to consider all the factors that depend on how urban transport itself develops in the future, and the directions in which it will move based on technological progress, demographic changes, socioeconomic and environmental developments and the effects they will generate.

SUTP will help in particular compliance with Community laws on air quality and ambient noise as well as contributing to Community objectives including those for transport encompassed in several EU policies (sustainable development, climate change, air quality, ambient noise, urban environment, transport, energy and cohesion). SUTP will also address the core urban challenges concerning mobility patterns, congestion, urban sprawl, greenhouse gas emissions (mainly CO2), energy efficiency and fossil fuel dependency, air quality (mainly PM10, PM2.5, NOx, HC), exposure to ambient noise and road safety.

The setting of objectives and measurable targets aligned with a vision for transport that is embedded in a local sustainable development strategy seems crucial in this respect, as are the measures and actions which aim to deliver those targets.

Along to the action plan the separate strategies has already been developed and activities implemented:
• Better mobility for disable persons (2010)
• Investment programme for sustainable mobility in Maribor - establishment of cycling centre for the region (2010) (www.maribor.si)
• Degree on the public bus transport with the establishment of the Council for the sustainable development of public bus services 2011(www.maribor.si)

Maribor is the leading - best practice region in Slovenia regarding energy use and RES in public sector and we would like to be also in the field of transport. Maribor will be the European Capital of Culture in 2012 and also through the traffic we would like to implement the connection of cultural, social, environmental and economic development.


Sources:

www.maribor.si
www.energap.si

Directorate-general for internal policies, policy department, structural and cohesion policies B: Sustainable urban transport plans

Sustainable Urban Transport Plans, Preparatory Document in relation to the follow-up of the
Thematic Strategy on the Urban Environment, Main document, 25 September 2007, EC Environment